History of the Articulation Model
On November 9, 2000, Joanna Scalabrini, then Chair of the Nursing Department at Westchester Community College and Chairperson of the New York State Board for Nursing, convened a meeting of representatives of nursing educators, members of the practice arena and professional nursing organizations to address the issue of LPN to RN articulation in New York State. As a result of this vision, the New York State Coalition for Nursing Educational Mobility was formed on December 13, 2000.
The Coalition consists of representatives from the New York State Council of Practical Nurse Programs, the Council of Associate Degree Nursing in New York State, and the Council of Deans of Nursing: Senior Colleges and Universities in New York State, and the New York State Nurses Association. The Coalition was formed as a mechanism to address the nursing shortage by promoting articulation and removing barriers to educational mobility. The Coalition received a $100,000 grant from the Helene Fuld Health Trust to support the initiative. Dr. Mary Rapson, National Program Director, Colleagues in Caring: Regional Collaboratives for Nursing Workforce Development, served as the project consultant and facilitator.
A statewide Task Force and regional sub-committees were formed and numerous statewide and regional meetings occurred over a three-year period. This structure enhanced attention to local perspectives, provided geographical representation and inspired effective interaction as well as enabled the participants to achieve a statewide consensus. Educational program employers gave release-time and were strongly supportive of the initiative.
The New York State Coalition for Educational Mobility’s LPN to RN Articulation Model was developed by building on key concepts from some of these models. The Coalition decided to develop the PN to RN Transition Course as the validating mechanism to determine advanced placement within an RN program. The course was offered first at several sites on a trial basis in the fall of 2004. Since then, it has been offered every semester in both on-campus and online formats
Two phases of model development were planned. The first phase provided a mechanism for Licensed Practical Nurses to become Registered Nurses. Mobility of Registered Nurses to the Baccalaureate and Master’s degree programs was planned for a second phase. In her article "Statewide Nursing Articulation Model Design: Politics or Academics?" Journal of Nursing Education, October 2000, Dr. Rapson outlined the process for statewide articulation model design. The Coalition reviewed the Articulation Models of various states including: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, Northeast Ohio, South Carolina, Washington, District of Columbia and the National League for Nursing Council of Associate Degree Task Force: Educational Competencies for Graduates of Associate Degree Programs (2000).